Sir Hugh Myddelton (born 1560, died 1631) was a Welsh clothmaker, businessman, mine owner, goldsmith, banker and self-taught engineer. He travelled from Wales to seek his fortune in London and, after being apprenticed to a goldsmith, became so successful that he was appointed Royal Jeweller by King James I.
He is, however, best remembered as the driving force behind the construction of the New River, an ambitious engineering project to bring clean water from the River Lea, Hertfordshire to New River Head, London (just a few short steps from the School). The New River was constructed between 1608 and 1613 (being officially opened on 29 September of that year).
The original Hugh Myddelton School was founded a short distance away. The current school was designed by architect Julian Sofaer, built in 1964 and opened shortly after its completion. A state-of-the-art extension was finished in 2009 and opened by former pupil, Yusuf Islam (Cat Stevens).